Thomas Cole was an English born American artist. He is the founder of the Hudson River School, which was an American art movement in the 19th century. He painted wilderness and landscapes, with styles of romanticism and naturalism.
This painting captures the water's beauty in this scene, and at the same time, captures its strong waves against the shore rocks. There are no people portrayed. The rhythm of the painting forces my eyes to follow the wave of the water, then up to the bright sky, then back to where the water is breaking.
The lines of the water suggests flowing water. The rocky shore seems to be pointy and rugged in feel. The texture suggests a quiet feel.